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From Congress to BJP: India’s Party Timeline

India, with its diverse and vibrant political landscape, is home to a multitude of national and regional political parties. These parties play a crucial role in shaping the country’s policies and governance. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive list of these political parties along with the year of their establishment.

National Political Parties

1. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) – Est. 1980

The Bharatiya Janata Party, commonly known as the BJP, is one of India’s largest and most prominent political parties. Founded in 1980, it is currently the ruling party at the national level.

2. Indian National Congress (INC) – Est. 1885

The Indian National Congress, founded in 1885, is one of the oldest political parties in India. It has a rich history and has played a significant role in the country’s independence movement.

3. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) – Est. 2012

The Aam Aadmi Party, established in 2012, is known for its anti-corruption stance and focus on grassroots politics. It gained prominence in Delhi and has expanded to other regions.

4. Communist Party of India (CPI) – Est. 1925

The Communist Party of India, founded in 1925, represents the left-wing ideology in Indian politics. It has a strong presence in several states and has contributed to various social movements.

5. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) – Est. 1984

The Bahujan Samaj Party, established in 1984 by Kanshi Ram, focuses on the upliftment of marginalized communities, especially Dalits. It has been influential in some states.

Regional Political Parties

1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) – Est. 1972

AIADMK, founded in 1972 in Tamil Nadu, has a strong presence in the southern state. It has been a major player in Tamil Nadu’s politics.

2. Shiv Sena – Est. 1966

Shiv Sena, founded in 1966 in Maharashtra, has a regional stronghold in the state. It is known for its advocacy of Marathi interests.

3. Trinamool Congress (TMC) – Est. 1998

Trinamool Congress, established in 1998 in West Bengal, has risen to prominence in the state’s politics. It is currently the ruling party in West Bengal.

4. Telugu Desam Party (TDP) – Est. 1982

Founded in 1982 by N. T. Rama Rao, the Telugu Desam Party has a significant presence in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

5. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) – Est. 1949

DMK, founded in 1949, is a prominent party in Tamil Nadu and has been part of various state governments.

These are just a few of the numerous political parties that contribute to India’s dynamic political landscape. Each party brings its own ideologies, agendas, and regional interests to the forefront, making Indian politics a diverse and ever-evolving sphere of governance.

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