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Introduction to Indian National Congress Conventions

Introduction to Indian National Congress Conventions

The Indian National Congress, commonly known as the Congress Party, holds a significant place in the history of the Indian independence movement. Established in 1885, it played a pivotal role in India’s journey towards freedom. In this article, we will delve into the details of when and where the Indian National Congress conventions took place and explore the importance of these conventions in shaping the nation’s destiny.

The First Convention – Bombay, Present-Day Mumbai, 1885

The inaugural Indian National Congress convention held in Bombay in 1885 marked a watershed moment in the history of India’s struggle for independence. Led by Gokuldas Tejpal, this convention saw the participation of delegates from 72 different regions, representing diverse interests. It was here that the early foundations of the Indian freedom struggle were laid, and the Congress principles began to take shape.

The Second Convention – Calcutta, Present-Day Kolkata, 1886

The second Congress convention, held in Calcutta in 1886, continued to build on the momentum generated by the first one. Under the leadership of Surendranath Banerjee, the convention marked a significant step in the direction of demanding self-rule. It was during this convention that the Indian National Congress raised the demand for ‘Swaraj’ or self-governance for the first time, setting the tone for future struggles.

The Third Convention – Madras, Present-Day Chennai, 1887

The third Congress convention took place in Madras in 1887 and further strengthened the resolve of the Indian National Congress in its pursuit of freedom. The convention played a crucial role in consolidating the forces of the freedom movement, setting common goals, and channeling the energy of the participants towards the cause of independence.

The Fourth Convention – Allahabad, 1888

In 1888, the fourth Indian National Congress convention was held in Allahabad. This gathering was significant as it continued to build on the foundation laid by the earlier conventions. It provided a platform for leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji to articulate the aspirations of the Indian people and emphasize the importance of self-governance.

The Fifth Convention – Lahore, 1893

The fifth Congress convention convened in Lahore in 1893, and it saw a growing sense of unity and purpose among the participants. Under the guidance of leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji and Annie Besant, the convention advocated for greater Indian representation in government and played a pivotal role in shaping the political discourse of the time.

The Sixth Convention – Calcutta, 1896

In 1896, the Indian National Congress held its sixth convention in Calcutta. This convention witnessed an increased emphasis on the need for reforms and greater representation of Indians in the British-controlled government. The voices of leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak echoed the sentiments of the masses.


The Indian National Congress conventions played a vital role in shaping the trajectory of the Indian freedom movement. These gatherings brought together leaders and thinkers from diverse backgrounds and regions, forging a common vision of a free and independent India. Each convention marked a step forward in the struggle for self-governance, and they remain significant milestones in India’s journey towards achieving independence.



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